From August 2021 to July 2022, GIFCT Working Groups focused on the following themes: Crisis Response & Incident Protocols, Positive Interventions & Strategic Communications, Technical Approaches: Tooling, Algorithms & Artificial Intelligence, Transparency: Best Practices & Implementation, and Legal Frameworks. A total of 178 participants from 35 countries across six continents were picked to participate in this year’s Working Groups. Working Group participants in 2021–2022 came from civil society (57%), national and international government bodies (26%), and technology companies (17%).
This tool maps emerging and current legislation, including proposals and technical papers, relating to the moderation of violent extremist and terrorist related content online, with a focus on the obligations placed on technology companies. The tool explores proposals and legislation in 24 countries, sometimes two per country. While online regulation is taking place in other countries too, the tool focuses on the ones affecting internet companies in their ability to counter terrorism and violent extremism.
Technical Approaches Output 1 – Gap Analysis and Recommendations
Report laying out different considerations and approaches to developing a strategic framework for GIFCT to develop a portfolio of technical resources in preventing terrorist use of content sharing platforms.
Key themes and recommendations from the full report which are critical to the success of any framework, and important for policymakers, tech companies, academia and civil society to understand as they work together to combat this threat.
Transparency Output 1 – One-Year Review of Discussions
Review presenting the primary questions and larger themes raised by the Transparency Working Group (TWG), reflecting on how greater transparency can build trust among tech companies, the public and other stakeholders.
Recommendations intended to help enhance the transparency of GIFCT and its activities; and key emerging trends and research priorities related to violent extremism, counterterrorism, and the role of the internet in these spaces.
Paper intended to capture the range of discussion topics covered by the Legal frameworks Working Groups (LFWG) in 2021, outline the primary issues identified, and highlight potential areas for further work and discussion.
Academic and Practical Research Output 1 – Research Needs
Paper assessing knowledge gaps and barriers that affect multiple stakeholders within the field of preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE) to begin moving towards holistic, coordinated solutions.
Academic and Practical Research Output 2 – Research Horizons
White paper mapping continually shifting dynamics in the field of P/CVE; identifying key emerging trends and research priorities related to violent extremism, counterterrorism, and the role of the internet in these spaces.
At the beginning of 2021, we launched an effort to engage a wide range of experts on how best GIFCT could expand the taxonomy that determines what content qualifies for our hash-sharing database beyond the United Nations Security Council’s consolidated sanctions list and live-stream footage from mass violent attacks that have activated our Content Incident Protocol.
This report is the first series of results of this effort, including the initial three ways we plan to expand our taxonomy, our findings on the feasibility and impact of expanding the hash-sharing database for our member companies, and recommendations on how to develop a common taxonomy for terrorist content from the academics, practitioners, and civil society leaders selected during our Request for Proposals announced in February 2021.
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