GIFCT is governed by an Operating Board made up of members from the Forum’s founding companies: Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter, and YouTube. GIFCT is advised by an Independent Advisory Committee made up of representatives from civil society, government, and intergovernmental organizations.

Independent Advisory Committee

The Independent Advisory Committee guides the Operating Board, including through an annual report advising on organizational priorities and reflecting on previous performance. Independent Advisory Committee meetings are held in conjunction with meetings of the Operating Board. The Independent Advisory Committee includes a minority of members from government and inter-governmental entities and a majority drawn from civil society understood broadly to include, among others, advocacy groups, human rights specialists, foundations, researchers and technical experts. All government representatives must represent governments that are members of the Freedom Online Coalition. The Independent Advisory Committee chair will always be a non-governmental representative. The Operating Board periodically reviews and updates the composition of the Independent Advisory Committee, with the intent of maintaining continuity of the group, encouraging diverse thinking and representing the global community.

View the GIFCT IAC Terms of Reference.

Independent Advisory Committee Members

IAC Governance

Université du Québec à Montréal, Ghayda Hassan, Chair

Inclusive Aotearoa Collective Tahono, Anjum Rahman, Vice Chair

Christy Grace Provines, Secretariat

Civil Society

Individual Affiliation, Courtney Radsch

Individual Affiliation, Elonnai Hickok

Individual Affiliation, Maya Mirchandani

The Khalifa-Ihler Institute, Bjørn Ihler

Schmidt Futures, Eli Sugarman

Stanford University, Global Digital Policy Incubator

Violence Prevention Network, Judy Korn


University of California, Irvine, David Kaye

University of Maryland, National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, William Braniff

Stanford University, Global Digital Policy Incubator, Eileen Donahoe


Government of Canada, Public Safety Canada, Robert Burley

Government of France, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Henri Verdier

Government of Ghana, Ministry of Communications, Albert Antwi-Boasiako (Dr.)

Government of Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tetsuya Yamada

Government of New Zealand, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, Paul Ash

Government of the United Kingdom, Home Office, Richard Thompson

Government of the United States, National Security Council, Tiffany Eppelheimer


European Union, Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs, Laurent Muschel

United Nations Security Council Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate, David Scharia

Operating Board

The Operating Board provides GIFCT’s operational budget and ensures overall GIFCT operations align with its mission. The Operating Board is composed of GIFCT’s founding members; at least one rotating company from the broader membership cadre; new companies that meet leadership criteria, and the rotating chair of the Independent Advisory Committee, who participates as a non-voting member. The Operating Board chair rotates annually. For 2023, Facebook is chair.

Founding Companies

On June 26th, 2017, Twitter, Facebook, Microsoft, and YouTube announced the formation of GIFCT. The founding companies created GIFCT with the belief that by working together, sharing the best technological and operational elements of our individual efforts, they could have a greater impact on the threat of terrorist content online. Building on the work of initiatives such as the EU Internet Forum and the Shared Industry Hash Database, the companies identified three core areas of work: technological solutions, research, and knowledge-sharing.